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History of Murshidabad

There are different opinions regarding the name of Murshidabad. One school of thought said that the name Murshidabad came from the name of ‘Mukshudabad’ which was the seat of administration during the reign of Murshid Quli Khan. Another school of thought said that the great Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb sent his Diwan, Murshid Quli Khan to this part of India to collect revenues. The emperor being pleased with Murshid Quli Khan’s efforts of revenue collection made him Nabab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Perceiving the prospect of revenue generation from Murshidabad, Murshid Quli Khan shifted his capital from Dhaka to Murshidabad in the year 1716 A.D. Thus the name of Murshidabad is said to be come from the name of Murshid Quli Khan who was the founder of the place. Whatever the reason behind the name of Murshidabad the fact remained that Murshidabad continued to be the capital of the region of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa for three successive dynasties namely Nasiri, Afsal and Nazafi. Even at the initial period of British rule Murshidabad continued to be the capital of Bengal. However, they shifted the capital to Kolkata in the year 1773. The glory of Murshidabad and its culture reached the zenith of glory in the rule of Suja-ud-daullah and Alivardi Khan. A lot of constructions were made during their rule. But in 1757 the British crushed Siraj-ud-Daula in the battle of Plassey and established the British Colonial Rule in the country. Thus the pre-colonial history of Bengal is closely linked with the emergence, growth and decline of Murshidabad. It has governed all the proceedings of the 18th century eastern India. Hence Murshidabad has a grand historical significance and traces of these historical figures are still there all around the district especially in Berhampore, Kashimbazar and municipal town of Murshidabad and some in Azimganj which were established during the period of pre-colonial rule in Bengal. Thus Murshidabad is still an attractive place for the visitors who come to observe the Legacy of the Nawabs. At present Murshidabad is one of the nineteen districts of state of West Bengal and Berhampore (24.1°N 88.25°E) is the District town only 12 km to the south of Murshidabad town. Berhampore is located at a distance of 200 km by road and 179 km by train from the State Capital, Kolkata. The district like all other parts of the country is progressing rapidly. The municipal authorities are putting their best to make these towns facilitate with all kinds of modern facilities. Broad access roads, well planned sewerage system, scientific garbage disposal systems, installation of ornamental high mast lights etc have made this area gorgeous and a perfect choice of visit for the tourists. River Bhagirathi, one of the source streams of the river Ganges, passes through the western side of Berhampore town. The presence of this sacred river has made the area more attractive and one can travel from Kolkata to Berhampore by Launch service also which can be even more adventurous.

Various Historical Places in Murshidabad:
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Connectivity of Murshidabad as a Tourist Spot:
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